1. How to write an Article Review | the best tips & examples ⭐️⭐️⭐️⭐️⭐️
  2. How to Write an Article Review | Example, Format, Dos and Donts [UPDATED] | EssayPro
  3. LITERATURE REVIEW tutorial: Writing the literature review real example
  4. Literature Review with Practical Example
  5. Positive review examples: It’s all in the response
  6. How To Structure Your Literature Review For Success: Full Tutorial (+Examples)
  7. Example of a Literature Review

How to write an Article Review | the best tips & examples ⭐️⭐️⭐️⭐️⭐️

what up guys its glad from essay pro,today we have our second part of the,article writing guide series and well,be discussing some dos and donts as,well as general tips,that will improve the overall quality of,your writing be sure to watch the first,part of our guide to gain a basic,understanding of what the article review,is all about as well as how to create a,comprehensive outline for it,with that being said lets get into our,tips and some dos and donts,tips for success you need to be fast you,should be able to shrink,and grow on a dime tip number one,apply your own knowledge when writing an,article review,you will closely analyze the authors,ideas,the authors work the stronger your,critique will be,assuming all of your arguments are true,of course,at the same time the more positive,aspects clever observations and strong,points you can extract,the higher of an expert you can position,yourself as,now with that being said dont allow,personal bias,to affect your evaluation of the article,do use personal knowledge objectively to,evaluate the authors points,tip number two approach the article,methodologically,when you read the article for the first,time read for the big picture,that is look for the overall argument,then,take a break and revisit the article two,to three more times with,fresh eyes this time use a highlighter,or a pen,to make note of important sections you,can then use these highlighted sections,for your summary,and critique we here at essay pro,recommend that you make an outline of,the writers significant ideas slash,claims,biases and then use your own knowledge,and understanding of the topic,either refute or confirm each point this,will serve as the outline for the entire,article review,dont just highlight every paragraph and,piece of information,do take note of the most important,points and add notes to them,or cross-reference for a potential,rebuttal later,tip number three summarize the article,in your own words,after reading the article multiple times,it is highly recommended,that you draft a synopsis of what you,have read including any key takeaways,the goal here is to put the article in,your own words so as to test your own,understanding,doing so will make completing the,summary and critique in your actual,review,a lot faster and easier now with that,being said,dont just paraphrase the entire article,in your own words,do list out the main points claims and,ideas that you can use for your critique,now when writing the introduction dont,make statements in first person,do give an overall impression of the,article in third person within a formal,academic style,[Music],remember that the article review is a,piece set out to evaluate an article,objectively you never want to use first,person as this can make the reader,assume bias,from your point of view lastly when,writing the critique,the goal is to express your objective,opinion on the clarity,validity and value of the article,in the end you should decide whether or,not you agree with the author and,provide insightful reasons as to why,or why not and with that being said,dont aimlessly agree or disagree with,the authors points without providing,additional information,do tie your grievances and praise,together into a coherent argument that,adds on to the points,made by the author to conclude you want,to ensure that your article review is,free of any bias,and be sure to point any bias or false,information that could discredit the,author,remember the goal is to be as objective,as possible,and all points should either be,supported or refuted with the help of,statistical evidence,or fact remember that any arguments made,without,outside sources hold little to no merit,and with that we have come to the end of,our article review writing guide,done now lets see how it looks so far,if you did enjoy this video be sure to,like share,subscribe and hit the notification bell,so you wont miss any of our new content,coming soon dont forget that our,experts,at sa pro can help you complete your,article review leaving you stress free,happy and with a great end product just,be sure to use promo code youtube,at the end for 20 off your first order,all right guys thanks for watching and,ill catch yall later,want better writing use sa pro

How to Write an Article Review | Example, Format, Dos and Donts [UPDATED] | EssayPro

Read a thousand books, and your words will flow like a river.,Easier said than done, right?,Did you know that every year thousands of students like you write millions of words,for their school assignments?,Millions.,Think about that fact.,Words cascade onto the paper and then sail on to the teachers desk.,Problem is that the river soon dries up for many, because a lot of that work is simply not,good.,But we can help you get better, and make your own words dance and flow smoothly on to the,paper.,Hi guys, this is Mark from Essaypro, and today were going to teach you how to write the,perfect article review.,Our experts at EssayPro wrote this guide to help you understand what an article review,is, how to approach the task of writing one, and more importantly, well give you plenty,of tips to get the job done like a pro.,But before we get down to it, remember that we publish content every week, so dont forget,to subscribe to our channel, and click that bell button so you never miss a thing.,Check out our social networks: Facebook, Instagram, Twitter and TikTok,So todays topic is how to write the perfect article review, and as with many things in,life, the key here is to understand what an article review is, and what your objectives,should be when you write it.,What is an article review?,The answer is quite simple.,Its there hiding in plain sight.,An article review is a piece of personalized writing where you take someone elses text,usually an expert on the subject, understand it, summarize it, and then write, in your,words, your opinion about the relevance and impact of that text on its chosen field or,subject, and why.,This is a review, remember.,Your opinion matters as much as the writers.,You are reviewing their work, not the other way around.,Now, while theres no standard format to write an article review, we at Essaypro strongly,recommend that you figure out a structure for your piece.,Framing your writing into well-defined sections will enable you to maintain a coherent flow,of information, and make your life a lot easier.,Trust us, weve been doing this for over two decades.,We know what were talking about.,Follow these key points to create a perfectly structured article review:,Understand Summarize,Outline Write,Profread,Understanding the article,There are millions of articles written every day, just about every possible topic you can,think of.,Your teacher will give the class a few articles to review every semester.,Now, the articles topic is irrelevant, because the techniques and skills you need to use,are the same whether the piece is on popular psychology, a historical fact, or how to grow,vegetables in your back garden.,But often, you will have a choice of which article to review.,Rule number 1: Always pick a topic that you like and enjoy.,Why?,You will understand it better because you want to understand it, and its likely that,you already have a certain degree of knowledge on the subject matter.,Pick a topic that excites your imagination.,Otherwise, you will have a hard time writing, and the river will quickly become a trickle,and dry out.,Always pick a topic of interest to you.,A good way to get a proper understanding of what the article is about is looking at the,Abstract.,Rule Number 2. Look at the articles Abstract.,If the Abstract is properly written, it will give you a good, overall understanding of,what the article is about, so your review will start on a sound footing.,You should not waste time by reading through the entire article at this point yet, because,you will likely miss out on its main points, and dont even think about starting to write,yet.,Here are a few DOs and DONTs of the Understanding stage,DO pick a topic thats of interest to you.,DO look at the articles Abstract.,DONT waste time by reading through the entire article yet.,DONT start writing without a thorough understanding of what the article is about.,Summarizing the article,Now that you have a basic understanding of the topic being discussed, you might want,to pause for a moment and look at the article text properly.,All the main points are there, somewhere.,Remember those word search games you played as a child, where you had to find the words,hidden among hundreds of letters?,Summarizing an article is similar to that.,The author weaved his or her opinion through the text, and its your job to find it.,At this point, its a good idea to read through the text and extract the main points of the,piece.,Some people use color markers to highlight these points through the text.,Others have a more photographic memory, or perhaps write the articles main points on,a separate piece of paper.,Whichever technique you use, always make sure that the main points and any supporting facts,stand out to you.,You will need this information later.,You may spot words, concepts, or ideas that youre unfamiliar with.,Its a good idea to research these points, to ensure you grasp the ideas.,Once you have your main points, and any facts that support these arguments, read through,the article a second time.,The main points should stand out now.,A second, even third close reading will reinforce this knowledge.,Your brain will connect the dots, and a clear outline of the reviews structure is likely,to become apparent.,Remember, structured writing is good writing.,Heres a few DOs and DONTs of the Summarizing stage,DO read through the text and extract the main points expressed by the author.,DO figure out a structure for your review.,DO look up any ideas or concepts that you are uncertain about.,DONT rush into writing without proper structure.,Outline,Writing tends to be a very personal experience, and creating an article review is no different.,This is your interpretation of the authors views.,You probably have your own opinions and thoughts on the subject being discussed, and you need,to use these to make your own points in the upcoming review.,But for now, write a short paragraph or two about the main points of the article, and,whatever facts were used to support them.,Now remember, this is just an outline of the main arguments laid out in the article.,The outline should not include your own views or opinions.,Also, dont waste time on heavy editing of your text.,There will be time for that later.,The outline will help you decide which parts of the article you wish to focus on when writing,your review.,Its good practice to read through the outline and remove any bits that may be extra, irrelevant,,or simply unnecessary.,A lean outline will be conducive to a lean review.,A few DOs and DONTs of the Write an outline stage,DO write the articles main points.,DO use short paragraphs for your outline.,DO remove unnecessary stuff.,DONT write your own views or opinions yet.,DONT spend time editing the outline.,Write,This is where things get exciting.,The actual process of writing your article review begins here.,But first, lets recap:,By now, you understand what the article is about,,you have summarized the main points, and you have created an outline in your own,words.,With these points in mind, it is time to start writing your review.,Most article reviews follow a set structure.,Always remember the mantra, structured writing is good writing.,Title Citation,Introduction Summary,Critique Closing statement.,Title,Every review begins with a Title.,A good, relevant title is incredibly important to create a positive first impression.,The title should accurately convey what the focus of the review is.,When you see the right title on the paper, or computer screen, things become a lot easier.,Try to keep the title as short and relevant as possible.,Overly long-winded titles will confuse the audience.,Remember,DO write a good, relevant title.,DONT write an overly long title.,Citation,Cite the article being discussed, right after the article, and the author.,Imagine the article is about the usage of narrow-spectrum antibiotics in American hospitals,,by John Smith.,The citation should reflect the Author, the article

More: billy summers review

LITERATURE REVIEW tutorial: Writing the literature review real example

hello there welcome back to the smart,student my name is chelsea siebern if,its the first time youre here im,happy you are here,and for everyone else of course im,happy you were here too but,just so you know what this video is,about were going to talk about how,to actually write literature reviews and,full disclosure,this is a two-part video series and this,is video number two,so if you havent checked out video,number one be sure to go do that because,video number one is all about,making sure you have the full,understanding of what,a literature review is in that video i,uncover,the common confusion that students seem,to have with literature reviews,and i set the record straight there and,now in this video were going to apply,our understanding to actually creating a,literature review,so that being said lets go ahead and,jump in,okay so first things first what is a,literature review,now mind you im not going to spend a,lot of time in this portion of the video,because i have,a full other video dedicated to this but,for refreshers sake what is a,literature review simply put a,literature review is,a synthesis of the current research,thats been done on a topic current and,previous,so any information any knowledge that,exists,on a topic a literature of you would go,out,and find that information aka literature,and then combine it together into a,synthesis to create a new piece of,literature,on the current state of knowledge on,that topic,and now real quick because i find,synthesis can be a foreign word to some,students synthesis is simply a,combination its a compilation so,youd be taking a bunch of little moving,parts and putting it together into one,new solid piece of literature and now,the reason,literature reviews are important is,because it gives you a summarized,birds eye view of a topic so,that you know where to position your,research later on its as simple as that,and so if youre watching this video,right now im going to assume,youre probably a student and if you are,a student,im also going to assume that a,literature review is not your first,academic writing assignment a literature,review is not your first rodeo,youve probably written loads of,academic writing pieces,previously and the reason i bring this,up is because,i like to put it into perspective that,the process of writing a literature,review is,very similar to academic writing however,the,end result varies just a little bit for,example,with traditional academic writing you,are demonstrating,your knowledge on a current topic with a,literature review,you are then demonstrating other,peoples knowledge on that topic,this is important that you understand,that as we get into the language,because if you watch that first video,the language is what i find confuses,students the most,both in formatting and writing because,in order for your literature review to,be,written correctly you need to use,referring language,where you are constantly referring back,to the sources that you found your,material,in but now that we have that little bit,of refresher out of the way,were going to jump into the actionable,parts for the remainder of this video,and just so you know what to expect what,i want to talk about is,how you can structure your literature,reviews how you can organize,your sources within your paper and then,were going to do a full-blown tutorial,on that referring language and i always,like to say right here from the start,something to keep in mind is that,these strategies im going to give you,this is not a one size fits all,so dont feel like you have to,pigeonhole yourself or box yourself into,one of these strategies because more,likely than not,youre going to apply a few of these,youre gonna mix and match,a lot of the things that im about to,give you right now but lets go ahead,and start with how you can organize your,sources because this will come first,because the process of organizing your,sources is something you should be doing,simultaneously as you research for the,literature review,okay so lets break this thing down like,i just said the first step in writing a,literature review is doing,your research and so when youre doing,your research it is,so important that simultaneously youre,evaluating,each source to determine why it matters,to you,where its going to fit into your,research so organizing,is an important part of the first half,of writing a literature review because,if you dont know,why each source matters to you later,when you go to write your paper,youre going to have a really hard time,combining,all your sources together in a logical,order that makes sense,flows and has a purpose mind you this,process usually takes the form of an,annotated bibliography,and if youre not writing a formal,annotated bibliography theres a good,chance youre writing an informal one,anyways because when youre researching,for a literature review,youre going through a lot of sources,youre reading through,a lot of articles and so theres a good,chance you are writing summaries on what,you find in each one,and my pro tip for you my best advice is,to take this a step further,and go ahead and write out the summary,of what each source contains,and then at the bottom include a,sentence or two,explaining exactly why it matters to,your research,so in other words literally put in there,what the purpose of each summary is,so you understand what i mean lets get,into five different options you could,choose to categorize your sources,by the way if you need help with an,annotated bibliography,check out this video right here you know,i got you covered but lets go ahead and,start with the first one,and this one is the most common most,classic common classic,way that you could choose to categorize,your sources and that is through a,problem solution formatting,so with this you have a topic and that,topic is rooted,in a problem it is centered around an,issue,so for example lets say your topic is,plastics polluting the ocean,theres your problem youre going to go,out there and research,a lot of different sources youre,reading through all of these articles,and youre writing out those summaries,so im going to pull up an example here,lets say these are three summaries for,three sources that i,found mind you yours is gonna have a lot,more but heres three for this example,the first one might be an article thats,demonstrating the problem it is setting,the background,providing my reader with context so im,literally going to include a sentence at,the end that says,this article demonstrates the problem,dot dot dot,and then go ahead and move to the second,one lets say this one is posing a,solution this article,suggests something that can be done to,fix this problem,again im going to write in there that,that article is a solution,and now lets say the last one is a,story about the problem its an example,of why,its a problem or evidence to that,problem,again im going to categorize it based,on that so you have problem solution,evidence when i go to write my,literature review its very,easy for me to determine the logical,order and where to plug in each source,mind you youre going to rearrange some,of your wording and some of your sources,might be combined,some you might take material out,obviously youre going to fix the,formatting on the language,which well get into later but thats an,example,now lets go ahead and move on to the,second way that you could categorize,your sources,and that is for or against so in other,words youre going to be categorizing,your sources based on what side they,stand on,so this is really good when youre,writing an argumentative literature,review,or youre talking about a debatable,topic right off the top of my head,any controversial topic you run into,this is a great structure to categorize,your sources,so lets change directions lets say,your new topic is about gun control,it would be very simple to categorize,your sources based on,sides that are for gun control and sites,that are against gun control and then,your paper,w

More: udemy review

Literature Review with Practical Example

assalamualaikum my name is tsubame near,I will demonstrate you an example of,writing a literature review suppose I,want to do research on entrepreneurial,personalities as you can see topic,include two variables one is,entrepreneur and other is personality,first I need to know what other,researchers say about it by looking,other researchers work I will be able to,define and connect my ideas and,eventually find the gap or problem in,existing literature gap can be a,critique on existing literature or,unexplored or partially explored area,whereas problem is about solving,discrepancies or issues at hand I am,going to divide my write-up of,literature review into three parts first,is definition and background second what,other studies say about the relationship,of these variables which eventually,helps me to connect my ideas third is to,find gap in existing literature if any,lets write a literature review we will,start with definitions of variables and,their background the dictionary meaning,of entrepreneur is to undertake,something then I came across an article,after reading it I came to know that,entrepreneurial origins from the work of,contagion so let me write the findings,in my own words I need to give reference,of this article so I am going to cite it,with EndNote,I hope you already have learned how to,cite the end node in our other demo so I,am going to cite this article first go,to EndNote menu click insert citation,find citation and you can search with,the name of the author or the name of,the article we will search with the name,of article here is the article in this,way we will cite through n node now Im,going to narrow down its definition,according to the business domain,so lets clear it whereas Jim Peter was,the first person who identified,entrepreneurs as an entity worth of,study and distinguished it from business,owners and managers and he defined,entrepreneur as a person who carries out,new combinations of means of production,as you can see first I have given the,definition then I have given the origin,of the term later on I connect it with a,domain of business in the same manner,lets write it above the second variable,personality as you can see first I have,given definition and perspectives of,different authors and then I have,discussed about the different models of,personality now I am going to link,personality characteristics with,entrepreneurship lets see how I have,developed the link as you can see I have,link personality with entrepreneurial,intentions new business survival and,role motivation theories now I am going,to find the gap if any in the literature,lets see how I do it as you can read,the paragraph different researchers have,studied personality and entrepreneurship,with different variables but none of,them has discussed the impact of region,and cost on the personalities and,entrepreneurship and that may become the,gap in literature or the research,problem since we are doing the citation,with EndNote so EndNote has already,inserted all the references in it always,give literature review with proper,referencing I hope you have learned how,to do a literature review this,literature review is very short as this,is a sample your original literature,review will be on multiple pages as you,have to go through lot of articles thank,you

Positive review examples: It’s all in the response

studies show that Shoppers typically,spend around 14 minutes reading reviews,and review responses before making a,purchase decision when it comes to,online reviews a five-star rating isnt,enough to set your business apart from,the competition a star rating no matter,how high will fall flat without a,written customer review,as a result responding to reviews can,help your business make a five-star,review even more powerful and minimize,the damage of a negative one,in this guide well walk you through,what makes a good review why positive,reviews are important how to respond to,reviews and more now lets dive in first,what makes a good review the answer to,this question may seem obvious a good,review is when a customer leaves a,five-star rating of your business,but in reality a good review is much,more than just a star rating here are,three specific elements that can make a,customer review particularly valuable,first you want positive reviews from,your customers to be detailed though,its always nice to get high star,ratings a detailed review explains why,the customer enjoyed your business this,helps prospective customers understand,what sets your business apart from the,competition,next a good review should describe the,customer experience and my answer these,questions,did the customer receive fantastic,customer service was an employee,particularly helpful and did the,customer leave the employees name in,the review,these details wont just be appealing to,prospects theyll help you know what,your business is doing well finally a,review should include specific feedback,about your business,did a review give you a high star rating,but mentioned some negative experience,this is a valuable opportunity to show,how your business responds to feedback,thank the customer for their response,and tell them about how youre working,to improve your response will likely,make the customer even happier and show,your prospective customers that youre,always working to improve your business,positive reviews can bring in new,customers and help increase sales,reviews can also help potential,customers feel more confident about,choosing your business over your,competitors and once theyve had a,positive experience theyre more likely,to leave a positive review,positive reviews can also help to build,trust and credibility especially if,youre a new business if customers see,that others have had a good experience,with your company theyre more likely to,take the leap themselves,you may be asking yourself why should I,respond to positive reviews well when,you respond to a positive review the,customer who left the review feels,appreciated which increases the chance,for repeat business review responses,also show that you value customer,feedback and care about improving your,customer experience this can help you,attract new customers and set your,business apart from the competition now,that you know what to look for in a good,review lets talk about how to respond,to them well take a look at five,different examples,example one be creative and personal a,chef uses his restaurants YouTube,channel to respond to reviews of his,restaurant by posting these videos the,chef can reach a broader audience videos,are also a form shared more often than,any other form of media so this can help,increase visibility for the restaurant,responding to his restaurant reviews,through video establishes the,restaurants credibility the chef is,proving that he actually reads his,reviews and values customer feedback,because viewers can watch it happening,for themselves,plus by responding to reviews on video,the chef is giving a face to the,business when customers and Prospects,feel like they know the chef they are,more inclined to return time and time,again to the restaurant,example two respond quickly a timely,response goes a long way it shows,customers that theyre truly the,priority and responding to customer,feedback doesnt need to be long-winded,even a quick thanks for your review goes,a long way,example three use humor how can you turn,a negative review into a positive one,use humor in your response for example,instead of getting discouraged by,negative reviews a sandwich shop,actually used them for marketing content,they put a sign in front of their shop,that read come in and try the worst,meatball sandwich that one guy on,Facebook had in his life,using humor when responding to both,positive and negative reviews is a great,way to show your businesss personality,and grab customers attention,example four recognize your staff,positive reviews are a great way to,boost employee morale and keep your team,motivated to deliver awesome experiences,every day,when reviewing a local cafe One customer,mentioned the Fantastic server they had,by name the cafe responded to the review,by thanking them and letting them know,the server that they mentioned was,really happy about the review,example five dont shy away from,personality when you respond to reviews,dont be afraid to embrace your,companys brand this will make customers,more excited to engage with your,business for example the hair dye,company overtone is great at using its,brand personality in every response,every employee is free to use emojis and,includes their favorite shade of hair,dye as a sign off signature,need help getting started with your,review responses look no further,here are some templates you can use when,responding to positive reviews negative,reviews and everything in between,template one the customer is happy and,they have no complaints,this is the easiest kind of review to,respond to a simple thank you should do,the trick such as thank you for your,review were glad you had a good,experience and hope to see you again,soon,template 2 the customer is happy but,there is room for improvement,start by thanking the customer for their,feedback then apologize and explain what,youre going to do to make the,experience better next time something,like thank you for your feedback we are,happy that you had a good experience,overall but we are sorry to see that you,are upset about include the complaint,customers made we are addressing your,concerns by your plans to fix the,problem we hope that you come back to,see how weve implemented your feedback,thank you again for your review and we,look forward to seeing you soon,template 3 the customer is upset but,they provided no details responding to,this type of review can be tough without,details it can be difficult to know how,to respond start by asking if the,reviewer could give more details about,their experience then switch to email or,direct messaging to finish solving the,issue something like we are so sorry,that you had a negative experience with,us can you please provide more details,about what went wrong by contacting me,at phone number we will do what we can,to make it right thank you,template 4 the customer is upset and,they provided details as to why this can,be upsetting to read this type of,negative feedback can be very helpful to,your business in the long run negative,reviews with specific examples can show,you exactly where your business is,missing the mark when responding to this,review address each concern the customer,has take ownership of where you went,wrong and explain how you were planning,to improve try something like this we,are so sorry to hear about your negative,experience please know that we strive,for all of our customers to have a great,time when visiting name of your business,I see that your main concerns are list,of specific complaints the customers,made here is how we are planning on,correcting these issues list how you,plan to improve again my deepest,apologies for your negative experience,we hope that you come back to see how we,are improving thank you for your,feedback we will use it to grow our,business and correct our mistakes all,the best,responding to every customer review is,easier said than done when youre busy,running a business you might not have,time to respond to every review

How To Structure Your Literature Review For Success: Full Tutorial (+Examples)

In this video, we are going to explain how  to structure your literature review chapter  ,step by step. We will unpack each of the sections  to help you write the best literature review in  ,the most time-efficient way. If you are new to the  oftentimes intimidating world of academic research  ,be sure to hit that subscribe button for loads  of plain language actionable advice and tips  ,covering all things research related. Also if  you are working on a dissertation or thesis  ,check out our free collection  of easy-to-use chapter templates  ,to fast-track your research project. You can  find the link to those in the description. If  ,you would prefer one-on-one support check out our  private coaching service where we hold your hand  ,throughout the research process step by step.  You can learn more about that and book a free  ,initial consultation at gradcoach.com. Right,  with that out of the way let us jump into it.,As with all parts of the research process, it is  important to understand the why before you start  ,working on the literature review chapter. As we  discussed in our literature review how-to video  ,you can find that here a good literature review  needs to achieve a few important objectives.  ,Specifically, it should demonstrate  your knowledge of the research topic  ,in other words show that you are up to date  regarding the current state of knowledge in the  ,research area. Identify the gaps in the literature  and show how your research links to one of these  ,and provide the foundation for your conceptual  framework if you plan to have one of course.  ,So keep these objectives front of mind  as you write up your literature review.  ,Even the best structure will not be of much  help if you do not clearly address these points.  ,Conversely, a good structure will help  highlight how you have addressed each of  ,these and make life a little easier for your  reader and marker. Right, so let us look at  ,the basic structure of a literature review. As  with all chapters in a dissertation or thesis  ,the literature review chapter needs to include  an introduction or opening section, a body where  ,most of the word count will be and a conclusion or  concluding summary. Let us unpack each of these.,As the opening section of your chapter,  the introduction needs to start off  ,by stating the purpose of the chapter. That is  to review and synthesise the existing literature  ,in relation to your research aims. This  might seem a bit odd since your reader  ,will most likely already know what a literature  review is but as I mentioned earlier you need  ,to demonstrate to your marker that you know  what you are doing and why you are doing it.  ,So start off with a line or two clearly  stating the purpose of the chapter.  ,Next, you will need to briefly outline your  topic including any tricky terminology or jargon.  ,The objective here is to give the reader a quick  reminder of your topic or an overview if they have  ,not read the preceding chapter. So do not go  into too much detail a paragraph is just fine.  ,In this section, you should also state the scope  of your literature review. In other words what you  ,will and will not be covering and why. Clearly  defining your scope will help ring-fence your  ,literature review and achieve a clear focus. The  clearer and more narrow your focus the deeper you  ,can dive into the topic which is key to earning  marks. So do not be afraid to have a tight scope.  ,Lastly, you will need to provide a brief outline  of the layout and structure of the core content  ,which will be in the body of the section up next.  The objective here is to give your reader a feel  ,of what is coming up and a big-picture view of the  discussion to help them understand how it all fits  ,together. For this section, a little visualisation  can go a long way. Here is an example to give you  ,an idea of what this could look like. As you can  see this figure provides an easy-to-understand  ,snapshot of the chapter layout so that the  reader and marker can easily see how you are  ,organising the discussion. Depending on the nature  of your project you could also present your stance  ,or point of view at this stage. In other words,  after working your way through all the literature  ,you will likely have an opinion about what the  trends and concerns are in the field as well as  ,what is lacking. The introduction section can then  be used to lay a foundation for these core ideas  ,and concepts so that it is clear how your project  connects with existing research. Right, with the  ,introduction laid out it is time to get into the  meat of the literature review, the body section.,The body of your literature review is the beating  heart of your literature review chapter. This  ,is where you will present, analyse, evaluate  and most importantly synthesise the existing  ,research. In other words, this is where you  are going to earn or lose the most marks.  ,So it is important to think carefully  about how you will organise your discussion  ,to present it in a clear way. Importantly  the body of your literature review needs to  ,synthesise the existing research in relation to  your research aims, objectives and questions in  ,other words your golden thread. So when thinking  about how to structure your literature review  ,you need to think about which structural  approach will provide the best review for your  ,specific type of research. If you are unclear  about what your specific research aims are  ,you will need to first get clarity on that.  For more info check out our golden thread  ,video to help you pin down your focus. You  can find a link to that in the description.,All right so let us look at these structural  options there are broadly speaking three options  ,for organising your literature review namely  thematic, chronological and methodological.  ,Let us look at each of these. The first option for  structuring the body section of your literature  ,review is the thematic approach. As the name  suggests this approach involves organising your  ,body discussion by theme or category. As you  have been collecting and synthesising literature  ,you will likely have started seeing  some themes or patterns emerging.  ,You can then use these themes or patterns as  a structure for your discussion. For example,  ,if you were researching which factors contributed  towards people trusting an organisation  ,you might find themes such as the  perceptions of an organisations competence,  ,benevolence and integrity. Using the thematic  approach you could then structure your  ,literature reviews body section to discuss  each of these themes one section at a time.  ,So you discuss all the literature that focuses  on competence as one group then move on to  ,the literature that discusses benevolence as  another and so on. The thematic approach is the  ,most common approach and is particularly useful  for structuring literature reviews where the  ,research aims involve identifying factors that  contribute to an outcome or variables that fit  ,into a conceptual framework or model. It can also  be useful for highlighting contrasting viewpoints  ,in the literature as you can group the discussion  by proponents and opponents of a specific  ,viewpoint. Next up we have the chronological  approach. With this approach, you start with  ,the literature that was published first and work  your way through until you reach the work that was  ,published most recently. For example, if a student  of politics is investigating how the understanding  ,of democracy has evolved over time they could use  the chronological approach to provide a narrative  ,that demonstrates how this understanding has  changed through the ages. The benefit of the  ,chronological option is that it makes it easy to  discuss the developments and debates in the field  ,as they emerged over time. Organising your  literature chronologically also allows you  ,to highlight how specific articles

Example of a Literature Review

in this short presentation Im going to,tell you about a literature review that,I wrote for a journal article and Im,going to explain how it fits into the,article and some of its features so the,article is called discussions about the,technical communication profession,perspectives from the blogosphere and,this was an article where I analyzed the,content of blogs and tried to show how,they reflected practitioners concerns,relation to the themes of,professionalization as outlined in the,literature so my literature review was,concerned with professionalization and,that was the area that I wanted to,provide context and background,information on this article was,published in the technical communication,drawing outline I put a copy in solar so,that you can have a look at the,literature review in a little bit more,detail and you can see how it fits into,the overall article so the article,begins with an abstract followed by an,introduction and then you can see the,literature review on the second page you,remember from the lecture that we said,the purpose of a literature review is to,provide an overview of research that has,been done in a field to give the,research or a better understanding of,the field to demonstrate that,understanding and to decide what methods,they might use but it also does certain,things such as help the reader to,understand what the main themes are who,has written about the field what similar,stories have been conducted how theyve,been conducted and whether theres been,a research gap that has been identified,so my literature review here begins by,defining a key term which is profession,and then also giving the academic,definition of professions I then go on,to talk about a few main themes that,emerge and theyre especially relevant,to my story and those themes are,training and education followed by,status and value and also professional,institutions and finally professions in,the information age,you remember from the lecture that we,mentioned that there are certain,requirements of a literature review so,it must include references to related,stories here you can see references to,studies that are relevant to what Im,referring to some of them are to older,or classic texts for example Flexner is,a well-known thinker in the field of,professions and professionalization but,some of them are two newer texts such as,when Im referring to professions in the,aim of information age where I refer to,Luis Coe felld,and la Rosa and Bauer the writing style,in this literature review is formal and,academic and it uses a referencing,system thats similar to the system we,use in UL so we use the Harvard system,in ul and this is a name date system,similar to the system thats used for,this article where for the writer any,author is referred to the Year is given,and for direct quotes the page number is,also provided any idea that was not my,own had to be referenced in this,literature review and thats a really,important point for you that you make,sure to provide references if youre,unsure about whether to include a,reference include it just to be on the,safe side you also need to include,transition words to show connections,between ideas let me show you some,transition where its used in this,paragraph on professions in the,information age so it begins with an,opening topic sentence the next the,transfers transition where it is,although which indicates some opposition,more recently is the next transition so,it indicates some kind of development of,thought the even the worried these can,be a transition word because its,showing that youre linking this,sentence to previous kept concept,mentioned in the previous sentence so,you can see these kinds of words others,include however in addition to and so on,these show a development of ideas and,they make your writing more fluent,another key feature of the writing style,is that you signpost the your story and,you signpost each new section as it,comes along so youre directing the,reader towards the next section and,youre also telling them about why these,topics are relevant to your area of,study for example at the end of my,literature review I include a sentence,that says technical communicators given,a role as content producers should be,key operators in this nitocris a and,that moves into the methodology section,which comes next,finally all literature reviews must,include a list of references and this,list of references much must match,exactly the references that youve,included in the list review so every,reference that you mentioned is listed,and ulysses consistently according to,the Harvard system you list them in,alphabetical order,rather than in the order in which they,were mentioned in the text I will put,this article in solace so that you can,review it and examine how the literature,review fits into the overall article and,the features of it that are a provide,context for the reader and the provide,context for a story

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