Make Fair and Random Decisions with a Number Generator

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Make Fair and Random Decisions with a Number Generator

Table of Contents:

  1. Introduction
  2. Overview of the Project Instructions
  3. Accessing the Random Number Generator
  4. Generating Random Numbers
  5. Importing Data to Google Sheets
  6. Creating a Pivot Table
  7. Creating a Bar Graph
  8. Analyzing the Frequency Table
  9. Creating a Pie Chart
  10. Modifying the Data for a Different Context
  11. Creating a Pivot Table for the Modified Data
  12. Creating a Bar Graph for the Modified Data
  13. Creating a Pie Chart for the Modified Data
  14. Conclusion

Overview of the Project Instructions

In this article, we will discuss the instructions for a project in a statistics and probability course. We will walk you through the steps involved in generating random numbers, importing data to Google Sheets, creating a pivot table, and visualizing the data through bar graphs and pie charts. Additionally, we will cover how to modify the data for a different context and repeat the analysis. So let's dive in and explore each step in detail.


In a statistics and probability course, one of the projects requires students to generate random numbers, analyze the frequencies, and present the data using visual representations. This article aims to provide a step-by-step guide to help students successfully complete the project. We will cover how to access the random number generator, generate random numbers within a specified range, import the data to Google Sheets, create pivot tables, and visualize the data using bar graphs and pie charts.

Accessing the Random Number Generator

To begin the project, the first step is to access the random number generator. You can either use the provided link or search for the random number generator on Google. Once you locate the generator, select the comprehensive version as it allows the generation of multiple numbers. For this project, we will be generating a hundred random numbers ranging from 1 to 20. It is essential to specify that only integers are required.

Generating Random Numbers

After accessing the random number generator, input the desired range (1 to 20) and set the number of values to 100. By clicking on the "Generate" button, the generator will produce a set of 100 random numbers. These numbers will serve as the basis for further analysis and visualization.

Importing Data to Google Sheets

Once you have generated the random numbers, copy them from the generator and paste them into a blank Google Sheets document. To organize the data, assign a name to the column, such as "Flower." This column will be used as a reference for creating a pivot table and analyzing the frequencies.

Creating a Pivot Table

To calculate the frequencies of each number, utilize Google Sheets' pivot table feature. Begin by selecting the entire column containing the generated random numbers. Insert a pivot table and choose to place it in the existing sheet. The pivot table will appear empty, and you need to populate it by adding the data set, which, in this case, is the "Flower" column.

Creating a Bar Graph

With the frequency table obtained from the pivot table, it is time to visualize the data using a bar graph. Select the data range and insert a chart. You can choose the suggested graph or select a specific type, such as a column chart. Customize the chart by adding appropriate titles and axis labels. Play around with different settings, such as color and data labels, to enhance the presentation.

Analyzing the Frequency Table

The frequency table provides insights into the distribution of the generated random numbers. Each number is associated with a frequency, indicating how many times it appeared in the generated set. By examining the frequencies, you can identify the number with the highest frequency or the most frequently occurring number. This analysis helps in understanding the data distribution and identifying patterns.

Creating a Pie Chart

In addition to the bar graph, creating a pie chart can also be beneficial for visually representing the data. Using the frequency table, select the data set and insert a pie chart. Similar to the bar graph, customize the chart by adjusting labels, titles, and legends.

Modifying the Data for a Different Context

For students working with a different context, such as physical education, the data needs to be modified. In this case, instead of using the random numbers directly, you should assign properties to the numbers based on whether they are even or odd. For instance, odd numbers can represent one category, while even numbers can represent another.

Creating a Pivot Table for the Modified Data

After modifying the data, follow the same steps to create a pivot table as mentioned earlier. Instead of the "Flower" column, use the appropriate label for your context. Add the rows and values accordingly, ensuring the correct interpretation of odd and even numbers.

Creating a Bar Graph for the Modified Data

Once you have the modified data and pivot table, create a bar graph using the same method as before. The bar graph will showcase the frequencies of the modified data, allowing you to observe the distribution and compare categories.

Creating a Pie Chart for the Modified Data

To complement the bar graph, create a pie chart for the modified data. The pie chart visually represents the composition of the different categories in the data set. Customize the chart to enhance its visual impact and make it more engaging for viewers.


Completing the project instructions for a statistics and probability course requires generating random numbers, analyzing frequencies, and visualizing the data using bar graphs and pie charts. By following the steps outlined in this article, students can successfully complete the project and gain a deeper understanding of data analysis and visualization techniques.


  • Step-by-step guide to complete a statistics and probability project
  • Accessing a random number generator for generating data
  • Importing data to Google Sheets for further analysis
  • Creating pivot tables to calculate frequencies
  • Visualizing data using bar graphs and pie charts
  • Modifying data for different contexts and repeating the analysis


Q: Can I use any random number generator for this project? A: Yes, you can use any random number generator as long as it allows you to specify the range and generate a sufficient number of values.

Q: Do I need to manually calculate the frequencies for each number? A: No, a pivot table in Google Sheets will automatically calculate the frequencies for you.

Q: Can I customize the appearance of the bar graph and pie chart? A: Yes, you can customize the charts by adjusting colors, labels, titles, and legends to suit your preferences and enhance the visual appeal.

Q: Do I need to modify the data for a different context? A: Yes, if you're working with a different context, you should modify the data to reflect the appropriate properties or categories.

Q: How do I interpret the frequency table? A: The frequency table displays the number of times each value appeared in the generated set. It helps identify the most frequently occurring values and understand the distribution of data.

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